in the context of research, boolean operations are combinations of both keywords and the boolean operators or, and, and not, to broaden or narrow a topic.
click the button to see an example of each boolean operation using numbers.
important things to know about databases.
databases don't know what words mean, just what they look like.
boolean operations are very useful.
search results can be limited to a date range, document type, language, etc.
abstracts save time.
most databases come with citation tools.
email is often the best way to keep articles found.
web search strategies.
many people are increasingly using google and the internet to do college-level research.
in the absence of a gatekeeper, here are some strategies to make google searches more effective (plus other stuff that has nothing to do with college research).
use quotes to find exact phrases "we choose to go to the moon"
or to look for related terms global warming or climate change
hyphen to remove options pollution -air
use site: to search by domain electric car site:.gov
also use site to search within individual websites earthquakes site: usgs.gov
search for words you must find in the title pollution intitle:medications
search for specific filetypes spine anatomy filetype:pdf
search within a time span by using the tools
drag images to search in google images
do math in the search bar
do unit conversions
look up definitions instantly with define:
look up the time anywhere in the world
flip a coin
roll a die
search engine optimization.
predicting future search behavior by analyzing past search behavior.
what you like is not the same as what you need.
The only way to mitigate any possible effects of search engine optimization, etc. is by being more conscious of what is online and how it's found.
the ability to prioritize agreeable and block disagreeable online content and relationships.
positive reinforcement: movie reviews.
think of it as a buffet.
1960's, before cable
3 national networks
one or two local tv stations
several radio stations
handful of naitonal newspapers
one or two local newspapers
dozens of magazines
one postal service
books in print
many people consumed the same media.
consumption schedule dictated by media.
dozens of tv networks
thousands of tv channels
books in print, ebooks and audiobooks
video games (cartridge, download, mmorpg)
500 hours of video are uploaded to youtube every minute (2019 numbers).
nowadays, people are able to curate their media experience, filtering in what is preferred or agreeable, and keeping away that what is not convenient, to the point of alienation and disconnection from the shared experience.
an easy way to think about them
the bibliography part of annotated bibliography would answer the who, what, where, when, and how of the sources you cite.